Treat and Prevent Ovarian Cysts

The ovaries are two walnut-sized organs, located on either side of the uterus.

It regulates the menstrual cycle and fertility, produces hormones and releases eggs.

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It is not uncommon for fluid-filled cysts to develop in ovarian tissue due to hormonal fluctuations or certain structural abnormalities.

Ovarian cyst is a fairly common problem among women of childbearing age.

In most cases, these cysts are harmless and do not cause any discomfort. You may not even know you have it, as functional ovarian cysts often disappear within three menstrual cycles.

But sometimes, the cyst may have nothing to do with your menstrual cycle. Dermal cysts, cystic adenomas, and endometrial cysts may grow large enough to change the position of the ovary, often resulting in a painful torsion of the ovary.

Although many ovarian cysts remain asymptomatic, women with these formations may complain of heaviness and cramps in the lower abdomen, distention, frequent urges to urinate, and pain during intercourse.

It is not uncommon to accidentally find a sinus-like formation in the ovary during a routine pelvic exam or an unrelated ultrasound scan. In rare cases, a CT scan or MRI scan may be needed to detect the cyst and determine its size.

Sometimes the doctor may need to make a small incision and insert a thin instrument called a laparoscope to view the surface of the ovary and remove the cyst.

If you are at risk of developing ovarian cancer, health care professionals may recommend a blood test to detect CA125, a protein linked to cancer. However, CA125 levels may also be elevated in women with endometriosis, myoma, and pelvic inflammatory disease.

Depending on the type of ovarian cyst, your age, symptoms, and medical history, different treatment plans may be suggested.

Doctors often advise their patients to wait a few months and re-examine their ovaries, if the cyst is small and causes no symptoms. It will likely go away on its own without any treatment.

To prevent further cyst development, your doctor may recommend birth control pills, especially if you have taken them earlier. However, it is important to know that oral contraceptives are unable to shrink your cysts.

If the ovary contains a large cyst, similar to pathological formation, or if it tends to grow rapidly, surgery may be the best option.

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While in some cases it is possible to extract the cyst from the ovary, in others the only way to get rid of it is to remove the ovary completely.

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